Monday, 1863 June 15, Mobile, Alabama [a Confederate surgeon’s general orders]: “Surgeons’ Stewards . . . will not speak in loud tones or in familiar language”

Office of Surgeon C. S. A. Station
Mobile, Alabama June 15, 1863
General Order No. 1
When Surgeons’ Stewards come into this
Office, they will not speak in loud tones or in
familiar language, & will not be seated unless
invited to do so.
The Surgeons’ Stewards of this office will see
the above order executed.
Signed, L. W. [Lewis Willis] Minor
Surgeon C. S. A. Station

General Order No. 2
Office Surgeon of Station
Mobile, Alabama, [Tuesday] June 16/63
The Surgeons Steward of this Station Office will copy immediately
on Receipt thereof, all letters, Circulars, Requisitions, Bill, etc.
into the Books provided for those purposes.
Signed, L. W. Minor
Surgeon C. S. N. [Confederate States Naval] Station

General Order No. 3
Office Surgeon of Station
Mobile, Alabama, [Friday] June 19, 1863
The Surgeons Steward of this office will not leave it between
the hours of 8.30 A. M. & 2 P. M. without permission of the
Surgeon and then for a Specified period. When sent out on
duty, he will return when that duty shall have been performed.
L. W. Minor
Surgeon C. S. N. S. [Confederate States Naval Station]

[Editor: Confederate general (military) hospitals were administered by “surgeons in charge.” Hospital stewards were appointed by the Confederate Secretary of War at the rank of sergeant and required to be honest, intelligent, reliable and sober. They were responsible for the cleanliness of wards, patients, staff and equipment, distributed rations, and maintained hospitals’ supplies and records. Lewis Willis Minor (1808-1872), a fleet surgeon it the antebellum United States and Confederate navies, was stationed at the Confederate naval station, Mobile, Alabama, as of June 10, 1861.There were at least four other Confederate hospitals in Mobile.]

MSS 3988-C

Monday, 1863 May 11, Lynchburg, Virginia: “Lee’s right arm is taken from him”

[Diary of Confederate civilian William M. Blackford]

Monday 11. Mary and myself walked out to breakfast
with Charles. As the latter and myself
were with Dr. Rind (?) descending the Hill by
Ammunitions factory, we were talking of Gen. Jackson’s wound
and the [??] the Dr. [granted?] as his
opinion that Pneumonia suppuration after such
surgical cases was very dangerous and the dangers
chances of injury very slight. Whilst discoursing
this part Dr. Randolph heard us and told
us the news which had just arrived that the
illustrious form was no more! We were shocked
and I felt as if the victory was dearly purchased.
[Editor: Battle of Chancellorsville, May 1-4, 1863.]

[entry continued on next unnumbered page
No man’s death could send Such [?] of
sorrow throughout the [?]—No man, in any
age or country, was, in this year, with fame
so pure and [?] or required such a hold
upon the populace. Every one mourns his
loss as a personal bereavement and a national
calamity. The enemy will, like the French when
Nelson was killed, think his removal compensation
for defeat. [Editor: British Admiral Horatio Nelson (1758-1805),
was killed at the Battle of Trafalgar.] Lee’s right arm is taken from
[him]. God, I trust, will raise up another to
take his place. But as the President will find the
same in others now, whomever may command
the troops, the Spirit of Jackson will lead
it. His body arrived in Richmond today about
10 o’clock & was taken to the Governor—it
Will be removed to the Capitol tomorrow, he [will]
lie in state there & be conveyed to Lexington
for internment. News of riots in Dayton,
Ohio caused by the arrest of [Clement Laird] Vallandigham for
violating [Ambrose P.] Burnside’s atrocious order
[General Order Number 38, Department of Ohio]
threatening with death any one who criticizes the
plan of this campaign or the [actions] of the
[Dept. commander] in carrying on the war.

[Editor: Handwritten note slip inserted between these pages]:
“Stonewall Jackson is dead. When
he entered the land of departed
Spirits, Caesar, Hannibal,
Marlborough and Napoleon arose to
Salute his mighty Shade.
Richmond Examiner’s
announcement of Jackson’s Death.”

[William M. Blackford (1801-1864), a Lynchburg, Virginia, editor, postmaster and bank cashier, had five sons in the Confederate States Army. Confederate Lieutenant General Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson (1824–1863) commanded the 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.]

MSS 4763


Thursday, 1863 April 9, Vienna, Virginia: “I have not seen a great many Contraband but what I have seen is a very fine-looking lot of fellows”

Vienna, April 9th, 1863
Dear Aunt:
I received your kind
letter last night and was glad
to hear from you. We have moved
at last and are drawing near the
enemy every time. We are situated
in a very fine little village in Va.,
and it is a pretty place. It is on
the Washington and Leesburg railroad
and it was a flourishing little place.
There is about 10 houses around in
the place, and if this war had not
broken out there would [have] been as
many as 50 houses here now, as
they would have been about 500 inhabitants.
The man who kept the tavern was
taken prisoner and was in a
prison in Richmond about 8
months, and was robbed of all
of his money which was about

[page 2]
1,000 thousand in gold and
silver and all of his personal
property was all Destroyed and
while we was their he came their
and said that he was glad to see
the union troops in his house
but when we was ordered out and
to go in shelter tents he said
that if their was ever anything that
would make us comfortable to
take it, and we took some of his
boards and made a floor so it makes
us more comfortable than to go
and take them without leave.
We have the poorest tents now
that we ever had, we have hardly
chance to sit up in them, but by
getting right in the middle of
the tent we have a chance. We made
about as quick a march as we
ever made when we came here.

[page 3]
We was ordered out about 10
O’clock, Monday night and marched
About 15 miles and got their at
4 O’clock the next morning, and
we had to go in a snow storm
and when we got their the snow
was about 6 inches deep, and the
mud was up to our knees and
we brought nothing in our
knapsacks but our blanket and
shelter tent, as we have go no
change of clothing with us; we
had to go out on picket the next
day and took two rebels prisoner
and they was the dirtest looking
that I have seen since I came
into the army. We captured the
rebel mail carrier yesterday
and he had about 70 letters
with him and now he has
got stop his fun on that it
is probable that he will be
hung. He was about 25 years old.

[page 4]
I should think but you could
not tell how old any of these
Virginian are without asking them.
And our cavalry captured the
whole of Mosby gurilers [guerillas] which
numbered about 80 but my sheet
is getting small. We have not
been paid off for about 3 months
now and the government owes us
5 months pay and we don’t
know when we shall get any of it
pretty soon. Our sutler  says that
the paymaster has been in camp
but I don’t think we shall get
any until May. Now, I think that
I have received every paper that
has been sent to me. I meant to
tell when I received a paper but
sometimes I forget it.

[page 5]
this is from your friend
Edwin A. Lane
Please write soon

I have not seen a great many
Contraband [Editor: escaped African-American slaves], but what I have
seen is a very fine-looking lot of
fellows. When we was to hunters chapel
[Editor: Hunter’s Chapel and Hunter’s Chapel Methodist Church,  Arlington, Virginia.]
I went off over to a hill which has
been called a contraband village and
they seem to understand themselves
quite well. The most of them do
not know how to read and write.
They used come into our camp and
get clothing to wash and one old
man got so attached to the business
that he could get any body clothing
to wash and trust us for it. We expect
to go back to camp today as tomorrow
but I don’t think that we shall
go back to the hunters’ chapel [Hunter’s Chapel] again.
We have two or three contraband in
our regt. that come from North Carolina
and they are pretty smart
fellow. We get them to sing and we

[page 6]
got a banjo and a tamborn [tambourine]
for them and you had ought to
heard them sing and dance they
are the brightest negro that I
have ever seen, but I guess that I have
said enough about them in this
letter. It may be by the next time
I shall see more of them. What
is the mind of the people of the city
about the close. I think that it
will be at close before this
year has closed, and the most
of us will be to home when
[General] Joe Hooker go at them he
will make them go toward their
burial place. We have a very
good plase to camp now in
Virginia. I have inquired for them
Washburne boys in town or their
Company and can’t get one
trace of them but I must close.
Give my love to you and
sister and receive this from a true friend.

[Editor: cross-written on page 1]
Write soon and tell me all of the news.
Write soon.
Write soon.

[Editor: There were at least two Union infantry privates named “Edwin A. Lane”; this letter’s internal clues suggests this Lane may have been a member of the 40th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment which was stationed in Vienna during April 1863. This letter was written two years to the day of Lee’s Appomattox surrender.]

MSS 11027

Saturday, 1863 March 28, Harpers Ferry, Virginia: “All truly loyal and good citizens are expected to make such sacrifices”

Headquarters of the Upper Potomac
Harpers Ferry Va.
March 28, 1863
A. Spates, Esq.
President Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Company
Dear Sir:
I received yesterday your
two communications of dates 25th & 26th instant, with enclosed printed
circular of Gen. McClellan’s Order No. 44 dated Washington
April 21of 1863. On entering upon my duties at this Post and
before I issued my General Orders No. 2 I was informed by
many reliable persons that a large contraband trade
was carried on between Maryland and Virginia and in-
formation constantly passing to the Confederate Army, by
means of small boats and skiffs along the river and canal
on the lines where trade with Virginia is forbidden by a
recent law of Congress. In order to carry into effect that
law, and the regulations of the Treasury and War Dept.
intended for that purpose; I deemed it a Military necessity
to seize the boats and other watercraft as designated in
Part IV of that order. It had been stated to me that many
Boats used in the contraband trade belonged to the Chesa-
peake & Ohio Canal Co. and were hidden away under
Culverts and bridges along the canal and river, and
rented by the Captains, and Agents of the Company to spec-
ulate in this atrocious traffic and to give encouragement

[page 2]
and carry supplies to Disloyalists and Rebels in Virginia.
It was my first duty, under the state of things as
this represented, to seize all and every kind of skiff
or boat that could be taken by secessionists from their place
of concealment by night or day by force, or that could be
rendered of unfaithful employees of the Company without
its knowledge.
It was not of course my intention in any
manner to interfere with proper commerce and trade
along the canal, or to embarrass in any degree its
lawful business, known to me to be of great importance
to the Federal Government. But if the company has in
its employment Agents or persons who disregard the laws
of Congress and the regulations of the Treasury Depart-
ment and the army, It must suffer the consequen-
ces; as I cannot permit boats or skiffs to be kept with-
in the lines of my command that can be used in
any manner, with or without the assent of the com-
pany or its agents, to aid the enemies of the Federal
Whenever the Boats that have been seized
at Dam No. 5 are wanted by the Company for rebuild-
ing the stone abutment you refer to, and for other
repairs there, I will give such directions to the Military
Commandant at North Mountain, as shall place
them at your disposal, if it is his opinion it can be
done with safety. It is hoped that the Company
will consent willingly to any laws Sent and slight
inconveniences the emergencies of the crisis may

[page 3]
impose on them. All truly loyal and good citizens are
expected to make such sacrifices, and the more willingly,
as they are intended for the permanent and great good
of the public.
I am Sir
Very Respectfully,
Your obt. Servt.
B. S. Roberts
Brig. Genl. Comdg.

[Brigadier General Benjamin Stone Roberts, commander of the upper defenses of Washington, D. C.]

MSS 554

1863 February 13 New Bern, N.C.

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F., 25th Massachusetts]

Feb 13
Did not drill to-day.  Have felt very un-
easy and want to be at  home.  Made
out Thompsons descriptive list as he is going to the
hospital.   Phineas has been putting up a cookhouse
It has been pleasant to-day.  this evening Frank
Adams has been in here and we have been talking
of home

MSS 11293

1863 February 13 camp near Falmouth

[from the diary of Captain Jonathan B. Hager, 14th U. S. Regulars, returning from mustering duty]

Feby 13  I was glad to see the officers nearly all of
               whom I had not seen since last summer.
               I found myself the senior officer & of course will
               assume the command of the regiment.

MSS 9044

1863 February 13 Dumfries, Va.

                                   Dumfries, Virginia
                                      Feb. 13th 1863
Dear Mother
                             Your kind and wel-
come letter came safely to hand yester
day and I thank you for it.  I was
truly glad to learn that you were well
and prospering at home.  My health
remains good and I do not think it
will change as camp life seems to
agree with me.  I wrote you a letter
but a few days ago and I have not
much news to write you now none
of importance only we received our
pay yesterday for two months $28 for
me. – I  have nearly Six months due
me but could only get two of them
We are promised pay again some time
in March.  I have nearly fifty dollars
that I can send you, and you can
get it by going to Lanark and pay-
ing Expressage.  Perhaps I shall buy
some Boots and clothes so that I cannot
send you more than fi forty dollars
I shall send you all I can.  I want
you to pay Shimer and Gregory some
if you can possibly spare it.——–

[page 2]
The Col. says that we will
go to Washington soon to do
Provo – guard duty If we do
then I shall get my mail
regularly and perhaps we will
have easier times  I hope so
any how.  Our Company has
been detailed to go to Alexandria
or Washington to get some extra
horses for our Regiment.  We start
to-morrow morning at 8 oclock
and will go up the Potomac on a boat
and probably will be gone for sever-
al days.  After we return I will
write you again.  The Postage Currency
is taken in place of silver in all
cases and for any thing   We use
it as change.  Believe me Mother
Your Affectionate Son
W. H. Redman
Mrs. Catarine Redman
Please Write Soon
No Sale Mother- – No Sae  It will be
the beginning of a separation of the family

[In right hand margin of page 2]
Mother I want to know whether you ever received a likeness
that I sent you from Wmsport?
dont forget to write me

William Henry Redman, Co. C., 12th Illinois Cavalry

MSS 7415

1863 Feby 13-15 Mississippi River

               Mississippi river
                   Feby 13th 1863
My Dear Parents
                    We have at last
reached the River of rivers
Last Monday afternoon
took on board Pilot about
forty five miles from the south
West Pass and about mid=
night anchored out side the
    Providence has favored us
wonderfully.   we only had one
severe gale.  The bunks on the
Starboard side of the ship were
broken down, but fortunately no
one was hurt very bad.
The vessel shipped several seas.
I was in the Second mate’s
State-room in the lower berth
the water came in but did

[page 2]
not not wet me.  I thought
however that it was best to
make tracks & I crawled
into the main cabin and
lay upon the floor until
day light & then after the
sun had risen the scene
was grand beyond description.
The saddest part of our
voyage was after we had passed
great Abaco Island when we
had to bury one of our comrades
at sea, and after we got
into the Gulf we had to bury an
other. one has died since we
started up the river and was
carried ashore this morning
about five (5) miles above fort
Philip. we have none very
sick now.
  Now for our voyage up the
river.  Tuesday at sundown a

[page 3]
tug took us over the bar and
we anchored about two miles
up the channel of the river.
Wednesday morning cool and
pleasant a boat came along
side and I was glad to
see Geo. Smith, he had come
down from Ft. Philip 35 miles
up river, to get Birney, they
had heard that we were on
the bar and could not get
off.  Thursday morning very
pleasant and warm, the
tug fastened to us an
we steamed slowly up the
river. got to Ft. Philip last
night about dark, five miles
above the Forts, we came to
anchor in quarantine this
morning the medical officer
came on board ad about
8 oclock we again got under

[page 4]
way, the day has been pleasant
but rather cool.  we have seen
the remains of five fats &
wrecks of steamers used &
destroyed at the taking of the
Forts.  we have passed former
plantations to-day, could see
them at work gathering the
came have passed some splendid
orange orchards could see the
oranges on the trees we go
so close to the bank that
we can smell their fragrance-
a boat came alongside
loaded with oranges. they were
the best I ever tasted.
this evening we have anchored
close in shore as it is very
foggy.  the tug has a ship
on each side & a schooner
behind so you see we do

[page 5]
not make very rapid progress.
the other ship has part of a
Regt. that were wrecked on
Florada Reefs. no lives were lost
I believe.
   Saturday Feby 14 1863
We started this morning again
and have been slowly making
our way up river, expect if
nothing happens to reach the
city about nine o’clock
this evening. we have passed
some very large plantations
today, the negroes appear to
be loyal & glad to see us
They jump up & down clap
their hands, & roll over.
We ran so close to them to-day
that a negro threw some
oranges on board.
It will be thirty five days
to morrow that we have

[page 6]
been aboard this craft.
I have got enough of the
sea. hoe we shall go
home by land.
 Sunday 15th inst
   This has been a pleasant
day, we are anchored opposite
the lower part of the city, the
Col. has gone ashore Y we
shall probably know our destination
to night or n the morning.
This afternoon Elder Blokes came
on Board.  he came up the
river with B[?] & two or
three officers that went ashore at
the Forts.
Evening it rains quite hard, the
Col. has come on board.  we go
ashore in the morning and go
into U.S. Barracks to recruit a
while & then go up river
this Regt. is assigned to

[page 7]
Nickerson’s Brigade which is
this side of Baton Rouge the
Col. did not remember the
name of the place.
The mail leaves  here to
morrow at 4 o’clock P.M.
and one is expected to arrive
You must write every week.
for the mail comes quite
  I will write you a letter
George soon, you must consider
this as partly your own
You can write often & it will
be a good exercise for you
   You direct to
       New Orleans
24th Regt
                   Banks Expedition
                  Yours Truly

Charles Plummer Morrill,  24th Maine

MSS 11031

1863 February 13 Norfolk, Va.

             Camp 7th New York Battery
                   Norfolk, Va. F 13th 1863

                         My Dear Wife
Yours of the 8th received and perused
And as there is not time like the
present for improveing opportunity
I have embraced it And although
there is not much News to write
to you in regards to the war Yet I
think I can make out a Letter
of City doings For the last 3 or 4 weeks
more or less every Night we are startled
from our slumber by the ringing of
Bells and the whole firmament lit up
as if in one Blaze of Fire This of
course accounts for the Bells ringing
soon we told that a large Fire
is raging in the City – and that it
is the work of the Incendiary
Night before last 10 Buildings where[sic]

[page 2]
laid in ashes  Last night again another
the particulars I have not yet heard
This is what the Secesh call Lincoln
work  But my idea is that this
property is owned by the Secesh
and heavily insured at the North
for ever and above its value they
then set fire to it to obtain the
insurance  Two of our Boys have
Deserted us and gone over to the
Rebs their names are Caleb Bush
of Dutchess County and one S Kelley
one we have heard from He is in
Fredericksburgh in the secesh army
In a few Days Rufus H King will
be in power then may we expect
something new The Weather is
again growing Cold  Alas what
changes we have seen one Day very
warm the next more than cold
well never mind warm weather

[page 3]
for us will come soon enough
and some how or other I dread
it  All is Quiet at Suffolk as far
as we can learn But the most of
our expedition are [centered?] now
on Savannah & Charleston if they
fall then may we expect something
else soon Keep me posted if Jim
goes to the C[?] let me know
the full particulars As yet I
know have had no opportunity
of getting my picture taken when I
do you shall know Remember me
to mother Father and the rest of
my friends  My Love to you and
my boy take good care of yourself
and him  Your Loving Husband
‘                         Edward Shepard
when the 19 regt get
to Fortress Monroe I
intend visiting them

[letter written for the barely literate Sheppard of the 7th New York Light Artillery by another soldier]

MSS 12631

1863 February 14-August 16 Heed 91st Ohio 13406

1863 Diary of Captain Zachariah Heed, 91st   Regiment, Ohio Infantry  13406

[This 1863 diary is the first of two diaries by Captain Heed.  It measures 3 ¾” X 5 ¾” and is covered in black leather.  It is written in ink on pages with the dates pre-printed. The leather cover is broken at the spine. Pages are loose from the spine.  Fayetteville, Virginia, referred to below, is now in West Virginia, twenty miles north of Beckley, on Rt. #19.  See the list of  names mentioned and transcription notes at the end of the diary.]

Fayetteville Va, Friday Morning.  Weather cold, twenty eight years old to day, a grand Dinner at my Quarters to day.  Evening weather Still cold, with Snow.  [Jan. 2nd is Heed’s twenty-eighth birthday.]

Fayetteville Va, Saturday morning.  Weather Some warmer than yesterday.  Snow melting Some.  Dress parade to day   the first-time for Several Days.

Fayetteville, Va. Sunday morning, weather cold.  Entered my Duties as Field Officer, of the Day, bad day for riding, visited the Pickets twice in the Day, and once at Night.

Fayetteville Va.  Monday morning, weather cold.  Some more Snow Blowing in my Quarters through the roof, could not Sleep much during the night on account of the Snow.

Fayetteville Va.  Tuesday morning, weather cold   more Snow, looks Something like rain,  Afternoon, Slight rain, weather moderating.
Fayetteville Va.  Wednesday morning.  Snow is a melting fast, weather rather warm, Everything quiet in Camp.  Afternoon getting Some Colder, the wind a raising. 9 oclock P.M. very Dark.

Fayetteville Va, Thursday morning.  weather getting Still colder.  Snow all gone.  Enterd on my Duty as Regimental Officer of the Day, in camp.  Everything quiet, 12 oclock P.M. Very Dark, & Cold.

Fayetteville, Va.  Friday morning, weather very cold, with wind a blowing Strong.  Afternoon wind has ceased blowing, 9 oclock P.M. Dark.

Fayetteville, Va.  Saturday morning, weather Some warmer, than yesterday, received Calmet Moore’s Discharge papers, Afternoon, Signs of snow, 9 oclock P.M. quite Dark.

Fayetteville, Va.  Sunday morning, weather damp.  Signs of Snow or Rain, have made out Calmet Moore’s Discharge papers.  Afternoon Some Snow   8 oclock P.M. Still Snowing.

Fayetteville, Va.  Monday morning.  Snow Some four or five Inches, on the ground    Blowed in my quarters all Night.  6 P.M.  Stoped Snowing

Fayetteville, Va.  Tuesday morning, weather  moderating.  Rumord in camp we will be attacked here before long.  Afternoon Reported we will have an attack to Night.  9 oclock P.M.  Artillery in motion.

Fayetteville, Va.  Wednesday morning.  no attack last Night, everything on the qui vive in camp   Snow melting Slowly, 2. P.M. things quiet in camp.  6 P.M. another report the Rebs are advancing   10. oclock P.M. all quiet

February begins here:

Charleston Va.  Saturday morning, weather mild.  Col J. A. Turley, before the military Examining Board.  mud getting still deeper, Afternoon Rain, trial of Provost Marshall’s between John Thaxton & Ben Murphy, on Seccission proclivities. [“Murphy” is added in pencil.]

Charleston Va, Sunday, morning, been raining all night, River on the rise, Dr. E. C. Kreider, Started for Lancaster Ohio 8 ½ P.M.   Clear & cold, Freezeing.  not well..

Charleston Va.  Monday morning, clear & cold, not very well this morning                         
3 oclock P.M. Received from Col White 12th O.V.I. four hundred and Thirty Dollars, to hand to S. M. Barrett, Sutler of 12th O.V.I. 8 ½ oclock P.M. Sky cloudy

Charleston Va.  Tuesday morning.  Raining, five men brought from the Nei[gh]borhood of Buffalo, as Hostages, for Deputy Sheriff of Putnam County   Captured by the Rebels.  2 oclock P.M. Raining   8 ½ oclock P.M. Still Raining

Charleston Va.  Wednesday morning, Met Major Cowan Paymaster, out of funds   E.P. Stout, Sutler of 91st O.V.I. on his road to Cincinnati   Raining, mud one foot on the Streets, a Slush.

Charleston Va.  Thursday morning.  cloudy and muddy, Served on a court Martial, trying Major E.M. Carey, 2 oclock.  Sun Shining 6 oclock P.M. met Aelin Colvin, on his road Home.  Discharged.

Charleston Va   Friday morning.  Raining.  Met Huchinson on his road to Pallissolis [or “Pallifolis”], 2 oclock P.M.   turning cold.  Paitt 8 oclock P.M. Ar[r]ived here from Charleston at 6 oclock P.M.

Piatt Va   Saturday morning, cold & cloudy   2 oclock P.M. Start for camp.  Carrelton Va 10 oclock Foggy, boat cannot run,  11 oclock P.M. Snowing, lay up for the night.

Carrelton Va.  Sunday morning, cold and snowing.  Start this morning for Fayetteville on Victor No. 2.  Loop Creek, 10 oclock, A.M.   reach Fayetteville at 5. P.M.   8 oclock P.M. returned from Dr. J. B. Warwick’s.  Cold and cloudy.  Snow.

Fayetteville Va.  Monday morning, cold & cloudy, was visited by Dr. J. B. Warwick, 1 oclock P.M. cold and windy.  Lieut Stroup and Kisler [?]   Start home tomorrow,  12 ½ oclock wind blowing Cold.  Sky clear.
[Note that on this date, 24 Feb. 1863, Heed begins calling his location West Virginia.  West Virginia officially entered the Union as the 35th state on June 20, 1863.]
Fayetteville, W. Va. Tuesday morning, cloudy and mild.  Lieut W. S. Underwood.  Started for Home, Snow melting   8 ½ oclock P.M. Raining.  not very well

Fayettevile W Va, Wednesday morning.  Raining, Lieut W. S. Underwood’s Resignation acceptance came in the mail, 2 oclock P.M.  Ceased raining, 6 oclock P.M. not well retire to Bed

Fayetteville W Va.  Thursday morning, Raining been Raining all night   feel better this morning    2 oclock P.M. receive new Arms.  Springfeild Rifled musket. Raining 8 Oclock P.M.   Sky clear, not well, retire to bed Sick

Fayetteville W. Va.  Friday morning.  Sun Shining.  return Austrian Rifled Muskets, not well to day.  8 oclock P.M. clear and wind blowing  retire to bed   Some better

February 28.
Fayetteville W Va.  Saturday morning.  muster for Pay, two months pay due Regt to day.  wind blowing cold,  2 oclock P.M Still cold   this month going out very rough.  8 oclock P.M. cold.

I have not received any pay from the Gover[n]ment, Since I have been in the Service.  I Shall Rec[c]omend 2nd. Lt. J. M. White, to be Promoted to be 1st. Lt. of Co. A. and Orderly W. A. Donohoe, to be 2nd Lt. of Co. G.  this is to fill the vacancies Occasioned by the Resignation of Lt. Underwood.  I am Sorry to part with him   he is a good Officer.

Fayetteville W Va. Sunday morning.  weather very cold.  getting cloudy.  Everything quiet in camp.  2 oclock P.M.  com[m]encing to Snow. Joe  Chaney brought me Some Eggs, from Cassidays   8 oclock P.M. moderating

Fayetteville W Va.  Monday morning.  cloudy and quite pleasaent, Death in the 12th Regt O.V.I.   on Committee of Thanks to Gov Tod, for New Arms.  2 oclock P.M. Sun Shining quite warm, 8 oclock P.M. Cloudy with Snow.

Fayetteville W Va.  Tuesday morning, cloudy & Snow, another Death in the 12th Regt O.V. I.   2 P.M. more Snow falling, 7 oclock P.M. Snow & wind   not very well, retire early.

Fayetteville, W Va.  Wednesday morning.  Snow two Inches on the ground.  made out final Statement and Description List of Aaron Whaley, who Died in Hospital at Gallipole’s Ohio.  Received my Dress Suit from Home,  Seven months in Service to day

Fayetteville W Va.  Thursday morning, clear and rather warm.  Regiment Shooting Target.  Co. G beat all of the Companies Shooting, as we always have done.  2 oclock P.M. Sun Shining.  8 oclock P.M. Clouds looks like Rain.

Fayetteville W Va.  Friday morning, Raining, been Raining Since 12 oclock P.M.   2 oclock P.M. cold and Raining.  9 ¼ P.M. getting cold.  not very well.  heard Paymaster was coming

Fayetteville W Va.  Saturday morning, Raining and mud[d]y.  George A. Stockam, a member of my Company, Died in Regimental Hospital, 2 oclock P.M.  Still Raining.  Samuel M. Wiles very Sick in Hospital, 8 oclock P.M. Raining.

Fayetteville W. Va, Sunday morning, clear and warm,  Sent the Deceased body of George A. Stockam’s Home, in charge of Mr Hughes, of Portsmouth, O, 2 oclock P.M. warm Sun Shining, took an Inventory of George A. Stockam’s Effects, 7 oclock P.M. Raining.

Fayetteville W Va, Monday morning.  cold and Raining, been Raining and Snowing all Night, 12 oclock A.M. clear and cold.  4 oclock P.M. clear and cold.  8 oclock P.M. cold & clear, 12½ P.M. cold & cloudy

Fayetteville W. Va.  Tuesday morning 8 oclock.  Snow one and a half Inch on the ground.  10 oclock A.M. snow three Inches on grou[n]d.  12 oclock A.M. cold & Raining  2 oclock P.M. moderating   5 oclock P.M. Still Raining.  10½ P.M.  Raining hard.

Fayetteville West Va.  Wendesday  7 oclock A.M. clear & cold.  been Snowing, during the Night.  10 oclock A.M.  Sun a shining, 2 oclock P.M. cold and Snowing, 5 oclock. P.M. cold and windy.  8 oclock P.M.  cold and freezing. not very well.  retire to bed early,

Fayetteville West Va.  Thursday 7 oclock A.M. cold and windy.  Snow disappeared.  feel Some better this morning.  9¼ A.M. Snowing pretty freely.  6.P.M. cold and windy.  9½ oclock P.M. cold and Snowing.

Fayetteville West Va.  Friday  7 oclock A.M. very cold and windy.  Mejors[?], Brill, James, and Laughlin, arrived here from Ohio, on a visit to Some of my Company.  6 oclock Still cold.  10 oclock P.M. getting Still colder.  Retire to bed very cold.

Fayetteville West Va.  Saturday.  6 oclock A.M. clear and cold.  Making out quarterly Returns of clothing, to Dec 31st 1862.  11 oclock A.M. getting warm.  2 P.M. quite warm, was paid a visit by Lieut Merry of the 34th  O.V. I.  10 oclock P.M. clear and quite warm.

Fayetteville West Va.  Sunday, 6 oclock A.M. cloudy and warm.  10 oclock A.M. Received orders to pack all camp and Garrison equipage, ready for a move.  1½ oclock P.M. Start for Gauley, Roads Muddy   Camp Fenwick.  6 oclock P.M. Raining

Camp Fenwick Va.  Monday 5 oclock A.M.  cloudy and warm, been Raining during the Night   Will Start for Gauley as Soon as we get Breakfast, eat Supper, with Lieut White at Mr E.B. Lawrences, last Night  Camp Gauley, Va, 11½  oclock A.M. found better quarters than we left

Camp Gauley West Va.  Tuesday   6 oclock A.M.  clear and warm.  8½ oclock A.M.  Enter on my Duties as Regimental Officer of the Day.  Visited guards, met Capt Boyd, of the 34th [?] O.V.I.  fine weather roads drying, 3 oclock P.M. this is a Splended Day, 12 oclock, M, Returned from visiting Pickets.

Camp Gauley West Va, Wednesday   6 oclock A.M.  Raining Slightly, 9 oclock A.M. Releived by Capt. Wicoff, as Officer of the Day.  3 oclock P.M. clear and mild, Capt Clarks, q[u]arters mashed by a Log, rolling down Cotton Mountain

Camp Gauley W Va, Thursday, 6 oclock A.M. cloudy, looks like Rain.  8 oclock A.M. Raining   was fishing but Caught nothing.  1½ oclock P.M. Raining very hard   Sent a map of Fayetteville W. Va. to R.M. Clake.  Lancaster O.  8½ P.M. Still Raining, cold.

Camp Gauley W Va.  Friday  7 oclock A.M. Raining very hard, quite cold.  been Raining all Night.  9 oclock A.M. cold and cloudy.  11 oclock A.M.  Raining again   2 oclock P.M. Hail with Rain.  5 oclock P.M. Raining.  8 oclock P.M. Raining Slightly

Camp Gauley W Va.  Saturday  6 oclock A.M. cloudy & cold, 8½ oclock A.M.  Enterd on my Duty as Officer of the Day, Releived Capt S. E. Clark.  2 oclock P.M. clearing of[f] in the west.  12. P.M. clear & cold.

Camp Gauley West Va.  Sunday 6 oclock A.M. clear and quite warm,  8½ oclock A.M. was Releived by Capt L. G. Cadot[?], as Officer of the Day.  10 oclock A.M> Regt on Dress Parade, to hear the proce[e]dings of Court Martial read, a pleasant day   8½ P.M. moon, Shining & warm.

Camp Gauley West Va.  Monday  6½ oclock A.M. cloudy, looks like Rain, 10 oclock A.M. clear and warm   1. oclock P.M. clear,   Sun shining   very warm.  Sent Maj H. C. Whiting, [-], check for $26 – , 10 oclock P.M. cloudy, wind blowing warm

Camp Gauley West Va, Tuesday 7 oclock A.M. warm and Raining.  10 oclock A.M. received Orders to move to Gauley Bridge, Kanawha River is rising rapidly   Ferry Boat cannot run.  11 P.M. cloudy

Camp Reynolds West Va.  Wednesday 7 oclock A.M. Raining Slightly  Kanawha, Still on the rise.  this camp is ½ a mile below the Kanawha Falls.  Lieut Merry R.Q.M. 34th  O.V.I. took Dinner with me to Day.  4 oclock P.M. Rain and Hail.  8½ oclock P.M. Dark and Raining, Kanawha Still Rising.

Camp Reynolds West Va.  Thursday 6½ oclock A.M. cold, and Snowing.  I was Presented with an elegant Sword, by Sergeant A.M. Scott, on behalf of the members of my Company,  it cost two Hundred and Thirty Dollars, Belt and Sash with it   10 oclock P.M. clear and cold, freezing

Camp Reynolds W Va.  Friday.  7 oclock A.M. clear and cold.  Kanawha River falling.  10. oclock A.M. Sun Shining warm, River falling fast   2 oclock P.M. warm,  10 oclock. P.M. cloudy looks like Rain,

Gauley Bridge, W Va.  Wednesday  8 oclock A.M. cold, and winday, Snow 1½ Inches on the ground. All Fools Day, very dull here, 11 oclock A.M. Sun Shining, 1¼ oclock P.M. getting warm, Sun Shining.  5 oclock P.M. wind blowing cold.  9½ oclock P.M. Beautiful moonlight night.

Gauley Bridge W Va.  Thursday  6¾ A.M.  Cold, with a Strong wind.  10 oclock A.M. wind a blowing very hard, everything quiet on Gauley, 12 M.  warm and mild.  Just had a game of marbles, with Some of my Co.  2¼ P.M. Raining.  7¾  P.M. wind blowing cold.

Gauley Bridge W Va.  Friday  7¼ A.M. Cold, rough wind.  9. A.M. Raining Slightly.  11½ A.M. cold wind blowing   2¼ P.M. Snowing & wind blowing  8½ P.M. Beautiful Moonlight Scenery, of Gauley Mountain.

Gauley Bridge, W Va. Saturday 6¾ A.M. cold & winday.  9 A.M. Telegraphed for my Wife to come here.  Eight months , in Service to Day. 1½ P.M. mail to day.  the first for Six Days.  Windy and cold.  4. P.M. very cold. 8 oclock P.M. clear and cold.

Gauley Bridge, W Va.  Sunday 7½ A.M. cold and clear.  9. A.M. Sun Shining bright, 10½ A.M. received a visit from Lieuts. Atkinson and Crassford.  91st O.V.I. they found me Sick in bed, 2 oclock P.M. a Beautiful Day, out of doors, but a dull day to me.  7. P.M. turning cold.

Gauley Bridge W Va, Monday  5½ A.M. feel Some better this morning.  cold and Raining   visited by Col Coates, at 10 oclock A.M.   2 P.M. getting Still colder and Raining [page cut] P.M. cold and blustery.

Gauley Bridge W Va.  Tuesday   8. A.M. Snow and Rain.  10 A.M.  cold and winday   feel much better this morning.  12. M. Sun Shining bright   Col. B. F. Coates took the Command of this Post to Day.  2. P.M. weather Looking Fine. 7 P.M. clear and cold.

Gauley Bridge, W Va.   Wednesday   7. A.M.  cold and cloudy   9. A.M. clearing up Some.   Just heard of Thirty, of Jenkins, Cavalry was brought into Charleston Va.  Prisoners.   2 P.M. Still cloudy and cold.   5. P.M. clouds clearing off.   8½ P.M. clear, cold, and Starlight.   [Thirty of Jenkins Cavalry captured.]

Gauley Bridge, W Va.  Thursday.  6½  A.M.  clear and cold.  10. A.M.  sun shining warm.  Paid a visit to the camp of the 91st at Camp Reyonaldo.  4 P.M.  clear and warm.  9 ½ P.M.  cold and Starlight.

Gauley Bridge, W Va.  Friday   7 ½ A.M.  clear and warm.  9 ½ A.M. getting quite warm.  Visit the Thompkins farm in company with Col. B. F. Coates.  Thompkins is a Col in the Rebel Service.  1 ½ P.M.  General Muster of all the United States Forces, to day.

Gauley Bridge W Va.  Saturday   6 ½ A.M.  warm and hazy.  10. A.M.  clear and warm.  Just learned the Union Ticket was Triumphant in Ohio.  Bully for Ohio.  2 P.M.  warm.  4 ½ P.M.  Received dispatch from My Wife, at Charleston on her way here.  good for her.

Gauley Bridge W. Va.  Sunday  6. A.M.  cloudy & Raining.  9. A.M. Start for Cannelton, to meet my wife, 1 oclock P.M. take Dinner at the Riggs, opposite Cannelton.  Stay all night with Jonas Likens.  9 P.M. clear

APRIL 13 – APRIL 18 (Pages missing.)

Gauley Bridge W Va. Sunday   7. A.M. a beautiful Morning   9 ½
A.M.   Start on a visit to See the Hawks Nest.  meet a Flag of Truce, coming from the Rebel Army.  Hawks Nest   8 miles from here.  Col Coates   Maj Carpenter, Capts Clarke   Caldwell, Adjt Longbon. in company

Gauley Bridge W Va   Monday   6 ½ A.M. Sun Shining   warm.  Old man Manser & wife. left for Cincinnati O   Mrs Dunlap the wife of a Rebel Soldier came through the lines, on her way to New Hampshire   3 P.M.  warm & cloudy.  8 ½ P.M.  wind blowing warm.

Gauley Bridge W Va.   Tuesday   7. A.M  warm and pleasent.
Election among the commissiond Officers for the Majorship, ballots to remain Sealed until the ballots arrive from the detachment at Summerville

Gauley Bridge W Va.   Wednesday  7 ½ A.M. cloudy & warm.  9 A.M.  A Deserter Just came in.  he Deserted from the 22d. Virginia C.S.A.  3 ½ P.M. clearing up.  5. P.M. wind blowing.  8 ½ P.M.  commenced to Rain

Gauley Bridge W Va.   Thursday   7 ¼. A.M.  cloudy & Raining.  9. A.M.  Still Raining.  Sent of[f] an Application for Furlough, for Thos. Wilson.
11 ½. A.M.  Several Sick from Summerville Va on their road to Hospital.  2 P.M.  Raining.  9 ½. P.M.  cloudy and damp

Gauley Bridge W Va.  Friday  7. A.M.  Raining freely.  9 ½ A.M.  clearing up, cold.  Gauley and New Rivers, both on the Rise, E. P. Stout went
to Cinti . 3 P.M. clear & warm 8 P.M. Beautiful Moonlight Night

Gauley Bridge W Va.  Saturday   7. A.M.  clear and warm.  9. A.M.  two Deserters came in from Richmond, been four weeks coming.  report great destitution, in the South.  the Rebel Army on half Rations.  Officer of the Day   the first time, for a month.

Gauley Bridge W Va.   Sunday 7.A.M.  a beautiful morning.  10.A.M.  Irish Families moving within the lines.  one man bringing five hundred pounds of Tobacco.  Smugled it through the Rebel lines.  A Flag of Truce, went to Lewisburg, under Lt. Ankrom. 2d Va. Cavl

Gauley Bridge W Va.  Monday  7.A.M.  clear and warm.  8 ½. A.M. Families, Still a Fleeing from Dixie.  3. P.M. getting cloudy, cavalry on road to Sumerville   81/2. P.M. cloudy, looks like Rain.

Gauley Bridge W Va.  Tuesday   6 ¼. A.M.  Raining.  8.A.M.  Enter on my Duty as Officer of the Day.  Still raining   4.P.M. Loop creek.  twenty Deserters, here, from the Rebel Army.  They report great destitution among the Rebels.  9.A.M.  Raining.

Gauley Bridge, W Va, Wednesday  5.A.M.  clear and warm.  7 ½. A.M.
Start with my Wife, in an Ambulance, for Loop creek.  Roads very rough.  Loop Creek 10. A.M.  cloudy.  Boat will not be there until Some time in the night.

Loop Creek, W Va.  Thursday   5 ¼. A.M.  my wife Started for Cincinnati O.   Col Paxton, starts for Lewisburg with the 2nd   Va Cavalry, to attack the Rebels, under Col Edgar, 26th Va. Vol.

MAY 1 – MAY 6 (Pages missing.)

MAY 7.
Summerville W. Va.  Thursday.  6 ¼ A.M.  cloudy and warm.  Start for Gauley Bridge, Va. this morning   looks like rain. Gauley Bridge 6 ½ P.M. arrived here wet completely through.  been raining very near all Day.  put up for the night at Mr Hills.

Gauley Bridge W Va.  Friday Mr. Hills   warm and cloudy.  Intend to visit Camp Reynolds this morning where the 34th O. V. I. are encamped   3 ½ P.M.  Raining, quite hard.  Just returned from Camp Reynolds, Saw Capt. Peck, Capt. West, Maj Shaw   Lieut Clark, &c

Gauley Bridge W Va. Saturday  8. A.M. clear and warm, I intend to Start for Ohio to day, if I can get conveyance.  met Lieut Taylor, on Guard   everything quiet here, to day.  Gauley & New Rivers, Raising

MAY 10.
Gauley Bridge W Va.  Sunday   6 A.M.   clear and warm.  Start for Loop Creek, to day.  Stopt at the camp of the 34th.O.V.I.  Simmonds Battery moves to day.  Loop Creek, 1 ½ P.M.  Just arrived here   met T. C. Hutchins, at Mrs Hudlestons, took Supper there.

Loop Creek, W Va.  Monday  5 ½ A.M.  a Splendid morning.  Met Capt. West, 36th O.V.I. on his way to Charleston. to attend the Court Martial in Session there.  waiting for a Boat here.  9 ½ A.M.  Just heard that the 91st O.V.I. has moved back to Gauley Bridge.

Loop Creek W Va. Tuesday, the Gen. Meigs will Start down the River to Day.  Charleston W Va.  8 A.M. met Capt. Jim Thomas. 91st O.V.I. & Capt. Buck Smith, 12th O.V.I.

May 13.
Galipolise O.  Wednesday 1 oclock A.M.  on Board of the Alleghanie Belle.  bound down the Ohio River.  I Shall get of[f] at Portsmouth O. and go up the canal to Waverly, O. as I want to See Hon J. J. Green

Waverly O.  Thursday  6.A.M.  everything looks Natural here.  I  See Several New Houses are being built here.  Met very near all of my old acquaintances   all looking well.  looks as if it would be ^ ‘warm to day’

Circleville O.  Friday.  3. A.M. was awakened up, to go on the cars to Lancaster O.  I have not been very well for Several days.  I went to bed yesterday 5. P.M.

MAY 16.
Lancaster O.  Saturday  I arrived here yesterday morning at half past five, with a pretty high Fever.  Sent for Dr. O. E. Davis. who gave me Some Calomel, and quinine.  he Says I am attacked with Fever.

Lancaster O.  Sunday  Fever not quite So high and burning as yesterday.  Dr Davis informes me he is a going to remove to Cinti – to practice his profession   he will do well there

Lancaster O.  Monday   Fever worse to Day.  I have Sent for Dr. Wagenhals. to visit me as Dr. Davis has gone to Cincinnati O. was called on by Dr. P. M. Wagenhals

May 19.
Lancaster O.  Tuesday   Fever not near So heavy as it was on yesterday.  I am Still taking a pretty large quantity of medicine.  I have been visited by a good many of my acquaintances Since I came.

Lancaster O   Wednesday   no Fever this morning, but last Night the Fever was very high   worse than it has been sick. Since I have been taken Sick   pulse quiet and easy this morning.

Lancaster O.  Thursday   Fever all disapeard but am yet very weak.  have eaten of nothing Since last Friday.  been drinking Some wine, to day

May 22.
Lancaster O.  Friday.  am very weak yet.  no Fever now.  felt like eating Something this morning.  am not taking any Medicine now.  the weather is very warm and dry.

Lancaster O.  Saturday, much better this morning, but am quite weak.  Shall take a ride up, Street to day.  I think it will make me feel Some better.  weather warm and dry yet.  we need Rain.

Lancaster O.  Sunday  feel pretty well this morning.  a Ride on yesterday braced me up considerable.  Met a number of my friends.  All well.

MAY 25.
Lancaster O.  Monday,  I am getting Some Stronger.  I met John Collons, Late the Major of the 5th O.V. I. who had to Resign, on account of ill health also met Major Stafford, of the 1st O.V.I.   looking well.  weather warm and Dry.

Lancaster o.  Tuesday  am Still gaining in Strength.  Received information that Abram Heed , was wounded Sever[e]y in the hip and Legs at the Battle of Chancelorsville Va.  25th Regt. O.V.I.

Lancaster O.  Wednesday  gaining in Strength, looks like Rain this morning.  5 ¼ P.M. very warm and dry.  everything needs rain  8 P.M. clear and warm.

MAY 28.
Lancaster O.  Thursday.  7 ½ A.M. Feel much better this morning, a pleasant wind blowing.  11 ¼ A.M.  cloudy and warm.  looks Something like Rain.  1.P.M. very favorable news from Grants Army, in front of Vicksburg, Miss.

Lancaster, O.  Friday, 6 ½ A.M.  am gaining Strength fast.  cloudy and warm   Slight rain.  was visited by W. E. Mead, of Chillicothe O.  Superintendent of the Ohio Canal.  Shall Start for Columbus O. at 1 oclock P.M. with Col McVeigh.

Columbus O.  Saturday 5 ½ A.M.  gaining Strength very fast.  a Splendid morning.  Rain last night.  pretty lively here this morning.  a Splendid morning

JUNE 1-3 (Page cut out.)

Lancaster O.  Thursday  8 ¼. A.M. clear and warm.  Col. Alfred McVeigh, Started for Philiadelphia, yesterday.  10.A.M. very warm.  The Seventeen year Locust have made there appearance.  1 P.M. war news good to Day.  7.P.M. warm.

Lancaster O.  Friday  8 ¾. A.M. warm & dry.   in very good health now.  news very Stale from the Army.  Judge W. W. Johnson, of Ironton, O. is here.  he used to be a guest of mine at Waverly.

Lancaster O.  Saturday, 9.A.M. very dry.  1 ½ P.M. I Saw to day for the first time, Some men a wearing Butternutts, the cursed Rebels. worse than those in the South.

Lancaster O.  Sunday 9 ½ A.M. the air this morning is quite cold, for this time of the year.  11.A.M. clear and cold.  not very well.  1 ½. P.M. more pleasant.  8 ½ P.M. getting quite cold.

Lancaster O.  Monday   8 1/2 .A.M.  clear and quite cold.  a pretty big frost last Night nipping of the Garden truck.  I wrote to Col Turley, about my certificate, from the Quartermaster   6.P.M. cool.

Lancaster O. Tuesday. 7 ½.A.M. clear and cool   feel in good Spirits this morning over the news of the operation of Gen Banks, at Port Hudson, hope he will whip them

JUNE 10.
Lancaster O.  Wednesday  7 ½. A.M. clear & warm.  the air a little damp.  feel first-rate this morning.  10.A.M.  looks like Rain.  1 ½. P.M. war news very good.  no Rain yet.  Some appearance of it however.

Lancaster O.  Thursday  8 A.M. Raining.  has been raining Since yesterday in the evening.  this is the first Rain, Since I have been at Home.  The Gardens and fields look very healthy.

Lancaster O.  Friday  8 ½. A.M. warm & clear  10. A.M. received my certificate of Indebtedness to the Government, from Lt. A. D. Crossland, the R.Q.M. 91st Regt, O.V.I.

JUNE 13.
Lancaster O.  Saturday  8 ½. A.M. warm & cloudy.  looks Something like rain  10. A.M. Just heard that the Democratic convention met at Columbus O.   have Nominated C.L. Valandigham, for Gov, of Ohio.  this will not Suit the Soldiers.

Lancaster O.  Sunday.  9. A.M.  clear & warm.  no Rain on yesterday.  the Union Party talk of Nominating John Brough, for the Gov of Ohio.  he will be Elected Sure, if he is Nominated, 7. P.M. warm.

Lancaster O.  Monday  7 ½. A.M.  clear & warm.  the Gardens, and the crops in the Fields, look very well.  the prospect is now, for a Bountiful harvest.

JUNE 16.
Lancaster O.  Tuesday  8. A.M.  warm & hazey.  Yesterday was the warmest day we have had So far this Season.  1 ½. P.M. a Slight Sprinkle of Rain.  the Oats, and hay crop will be Short this Season

Lancaster O.  Wednesday  9. A.M.  the convention of the Union Party meet at Columbus, O. to day.  a great many of the Delegates, are passing through here.  John Brough, will be Nominated for Gov. Sure.

Lancaster O.  Thursday  8 ½. A.M.  News came last Night, of Lee’s Army a moving toward Pennsylvania & Maryland   Hooker, is also moving   will be a Battle betwe[e]n them

JUNE 19.
Lancaster O.  Friday   8. A.M.  received news of John Brough’s Nomination for Gov, he will Suit the Soldiers, and will be Elected by at least, from Seventy five, to Ninty thousand MaJority.  Bully for him

Lancaster O.  Saturday  9 ½. A.M.  no positive news from Lee’s army,  Reble Cavalry in Penn & Maryland, doing considirable damage.  Col McVeigh arrived home from Washington City.  my case under advisement there.

Lancaster O.  Sunday  9 ½. A.M. warm and clear, grain looking very well, in the fields.  no News of importance from Vicksburg or Hooker.
JUNE 22.
Lancaster O.  Monday  8.A.M.  clear 7 warm  11 ½. A.M. my Brother arrived at Home to day.  he was wounded in the Battle of Chancellorsville.  he is in the Army of the Potomic, under Gen Hooker.

Lancaster O. Tuesday  9. A.M.  warm and cloudy.  Abram Heed belongs to the 25th Regt O.V.I. Army of the Potomic   will take Dinner with me to day.  he was wounded at Chancellorsville.  Eastern Virginia.

Lancaster O.  Wednesday  7. A.M.  cool & cloudy   a very poor market here for this time of the year.  they generally have a good market in this place.

JUNE 25.
Lancaster O.  Thursday  8 ½ A.M.  cloudy and cool.  the Locust are about all disappeared.  Some Indications of Rain.  they are trying to raise a company of Negroes for the war, in this County.  good Luck Speed them

Lancaster O.  Friday  9. A.M. cool & Raining   has been Raining Since yesterday Evening.  I am in tolerable good health at this time.  the health of my Family, is very good.  the war news rather exciting

Lancaster O.  Saturday   8 ½. A.M.  windy and cool.  A good market this morning.  10 ½. A.M. business pretty brisk to day, this is fine growing weather.

JUNE 28-JULY 3 (Page cut out.)

Lancaster O.  Saturday.  7 1/2 . A.M.  a pleasant morning  10. A.M.  there will not be any celebration here to day.  too many of the Copperhead persuasion, in this County.  Rain last night cooled of[f] the atmosphere   Locusts have all disappeard

Lancaster O.  Sunday.  8. A.M. clear and warm.  a beautiful Rain yesterday.  11 ½. A.M.  good news from the Potomac Army.  the Rebels on the Retreat.  a pleasant wind moving.  Several Butternuts drunk yet from yesterday.

Lancaster O.  Monday  7 ½. A.M. a. Beautifull morning.  fine weather for cutting Hearvest.  1 ½. P.M.  news just came that Gen. Meade, has whipt Gen Lee, in Pennsylvania

Lancaster O.  Tuesday  7 ½. A.M.  warm and pleasant.  looks like Rain.  every person but the Butternuts are pleased about the news from the Army of the Potomac.  3. P.M.  dispatch Says that Vicksburg has Surrenderd.

Lancaster O.  Wednesday   8. A.M.  very warm.  A great Jolification, last Night.  bonfires & firing of Cannon, on the Surrender of Vicksburg with 26,000 Prisoners.  Col  John. A. Connell, of the 17th O.V.I. made a Speech

Lancaster O.  Thursday.  6 ½. A.M.  cloudy & warm.  another large meeting last night.  Bonfires and fire works.  Speaches &c.  I intend going to Cincinti in a few day to get my ^ ‘pay’.

JULY 10.
Lancaster O.  Friday  8 ½. A.M. warm and hazey.  a Butternut meeting takes place here to Night   they look very much discomfited and downhearted over the news from Gen. Meades Army and from Gen Grants Army

Lancaster O.  Saturday  6. A.M. weather hazey.  a good market this morning.  this is what I like to See.  2 1/2 . P.M.  Charles Heed.  Started for Columbus O. on the noon train, with Six more men, for his Company

Lancaster O.  Sunday.  9. A.M. cloudy & cool.  There has been hail Someplace, which has cooled the air.   1¼. P.M.  large numbers attended church to day, not very well

JULY 13.
Lancaster O.  Monday  7 ½. A.M.  cool and cloudy.  10. A.M.  all of the Millitia called out to report at Columbus O.  a great many Butternuts are Showing their weak Knees.  one man was butted when he was young, by a Sheep.   he cant ^’go’

Lancaster O.  Tuesday.  8. A.M.  Raining pretty hard,  the Millitia leave to day for Columbus O.   Morgan in Ohio, tearing up Rail Roads.  4. P.M. the Millitia Just leaft on three Canal Boats.  a large number goes tomorrow.

Lancaster, O.  Wednesday  7. A.M.  clear and warm  I intend going to Columbus with the Millitia to day.  3 ½. P.M. Sheriff Miller, John Rudolph, Henry Crammer, Charley Rainy & myself start ^ ‘for Columbus.’

JULY 16.
Columbus O.  Thursday.  8 ½ A.M.  warm and clear.  Millitia, in evry direction you may look.  The Gov. discharging half of all that have reported.  twelve thousand reported up to this time.  Staid all night with Ed Farmingham

Lancaster O.  Friday  9. A.M.  clear and cool.  arrived here last night.  Just received the news that Morgan (the Reble) has burnt the Hotel, I kept in Waverly, with a number of other Houses, this is a great loss there

Lancaster O.  Saturday  8 ½ A.M.  warm & clear.  A few Cavalry here watching for Morgan.  5. P.M.  quite a muss between Some Butternuts and Some of the Cavalry   one Cavalry man cut with a Knife

JULY 19.
Lancaster O.  Sunday.  8 1/2 . A.M.  clear and warm.  all of the Cavalry left last night.  went in the direction of Marietta.  it is reported that John Morgan will be there to day.  Militia is moving on him from all of Southern Ohio.

Lancaster O.  Monday  9. A.M.  cloudy & cool.  Morgan defeated in an attempt to cross the Ohio River, at Buffington Island.  150 Killed  1000. taken Prisoners.  Capt. C. H. Heed. left Columbus for Cleaveland O  last Saturday

Lancaster O.  Tuesday  7 ½ A.M.  cool and cloudy.  Militia, all returning home to day.  8. P.M. Dispatch Just come Stating John Morgan’s whole force has been captured   him also

JULY 22.
Lancaster O.  Wednesday  8 1/2 . A.M.   clear and cool.  everybody excited over the capture of John Morgans forces.  10. A.M. the reported capture of John Morgan was premature.  he is at large with between ten and twelve hundred men.

Lancaster O.  Thursday  8 ½.A.M.  warm and clear.  The Millitia, had all the Roads.  Picketed last night about four hundred was encamped at the fair grounds.  all Business is Suspended for the present.  everybody laboring under excitem ^’ent’

Lancaster O. Friday.  9.A.M.  clear and very warm.  Business resumed again.  A Democratic meeting here to day.  2 ¾. P.M.  Some fighting on the Streets between some union men and Butternuts.

JULY 25.
Lancaster O.  Saturday.  8.A.M.  warm and Raining.  Morgan reported tearing up the Central O. Rail Road.  was Just enformed that Col. Jno. T. Toland, 34th O.V.I. was killed, at Wytheville Va.  I am very Sorry for this   he was a good and brave Soldier

Lancaster O.  Sunday.  9.A.M.  cool and cloudy.  Col Powell, 2nd Virginia Cavalry, another Brave Officer, was wounded at Wytheville Va.  while destroying the Va. & ten. R.R.  Such men is a big loss to the Government.  3 ½. P.M.  nothing from Morgans forces to Day

Lancaster O.  Monday.  8 ½.A.M.  clear and cool.  A Dispatch came last night that Morgan & all of his force had been captured, in Columbiania County.  I heard from my former Co. at Gauley Bridge.

JULY 28.
Lancaster O.  Tuesday.  9.A.M.  warm and clear.  a few Cavalry here on their Road home, from the Morgan chase.  1 ½.P.M.  Morgan’s capture is confirmed.  he passed through Columbus O. yesterday.  8 ½.P.M.  quite a demonstration over ^ ‘his Capture.’

Lancaster O.  Wednesday  7.A.M.  cloudy & pleasant.  a Splendid market this morning.  a large quantity of Berries.  Selling at from Six to ten cents for quart.  11 ½.  no war news of Importance to Day.

Lancaster O.  Thursday.  8 ½.A.M.  clear and warm.  two of  Gen. Morgan’s (Rebel) Officers were Captured in this County yesterday, and brought here last night and put in Jail.

JULY 31.
Lancaster O.  Friday  6 ½.A.M. Cloudy & Raining – Gen. Morgan’s two Officers, Capt Logan, and Lt. Rhea, were taken to Columbus O. on yesterday Afternoon.  they belong  to the (3rd ) Kentucky (Rebel) Cavalry.  There is a few of Morgan’s men Scattered around in the lower part of the State.  They will all be picked up yet.  I See by the Cincinnati Papers, that the 91st Regt. O.V.I. were after Morgan.  should of liked to of been with them.  I Shall probably go to Columbus O. tomorrow, with Sherriff James Miller.  1 ½. P.M. a pleasant Shower is a falling.  the crops need it, very badly.  10.P.M.  Raining   it has been Showery all Day.

Lancaster O.  Saturday  6.A.M.  warm and cloudy.  met Judge Whitman, of Cincinnati O. this morning in market.  he was formally Judge of the County Court, of this county.  no war news of Importance to day.  7.P.M.  extremely hot.

Lancaster O.  Sunday.  9.A.M.  clear and hot.  I will go to Cincinnati instead of Columbus, with Sherriff Miller.  he is going with a lot of Government
Horses.  3.P.M.  an extremely hot day.  the hottest of the Seas ^’on’

Lancaster O.  Monday.  7 ½.A.M.  warm and cloudy.  a great amount of Sickness prevailing through out the Country.  will Start this evening at 7 oclock for Cincinnati O.

Cincinnati O.  Tuesday  9. A.M.  clear and warm. Just arrived here from Lancaster O.  took Breakfast at Morrow.  find quite a number of persons here I know.  a Splendid market here this morning in fifth street market Space.

Cincinnati O.  Wednesday.  7.A.M.  warm and cloudy.  am Stoping at the Dennison, house, a pretty good House.  11 ½ A.M.  Raining.  it is very warm now   a very large number of Horses, have been brought here.  the market is overstocked

Cincinnati O.  Thursday.  6 ½.A.M.  cloudy and warm.  new recruits coming in.  10.A.M.  This day is principally observed here.  it is being Set apart by the President as a day of Thanksgiving for our victories.

Cincinnati O.  Friday  8.A.M.  warm and Sultry.  Sheriff Miller, will have his Horses Inspected this morning.  Met Lt. Burbage, of the 91st Regt O.V.I. on his road home recruiting.  will Start for Home tomorrow, in the Evening

Cincinnati O.  Saturday  7.A.M.  warm and cloudy, looks like Rain.  9.A.M.
getting Still warmer.  I am not very well.  have Some Fever.  Shall go to my Room and lay down.  3 ½. P.M.  will leave at 4 P.M. for Home   fell better.

Lancaster O.  Sunday.  9.A.M.  clear and warm.  reached here at 5 ½.A.M.  had my Coat Stole, at Washington, last Night.  Some Important papers were in it, & my Commission

Lancaster O.  Monday  10 ¼. A.M. cloudy and warm.  I have written to the Sheriff of Fayette Co. about my Coat.  advertised in Cinti Commercial, the Theif.  have written to Head Quarters, for Duplicates, to all of my Papers.

Lancaster O.  Tuesday.  9.A.M. very warm & cloudy, am not well this morning.  no Heves, but very weak.  I think I have got the Fever broke.  was attended by Dr. O. E. Davis, the best Phycian, in this County.

Lancaster O.  Wednesday.  10 ½. A.M. warm and clear.  no heves at all.  am Some Stronger.  3.P.M. received a Letter from Col C. B. White, Stating I was not preasent when Col. Turley made his Station^’ends’

Lancaster O.  Thursday, 9.A.M. warm & Sultry:  Some rain last night.  I have heard nothing from my coat and my Papers, that was Stole.  am recovering fast from my Sickness.  I received a Letter from Lt Heed

Lancaster O.  Friday.  8 ½.A.M. cloudy and warm.  met Capt I. C. Hendly, this morning.  Made arrangements to Send Lt. C. W. Heed a Brother of mine, a Sword from Columbus.  he is at Cleaveland O.  belongs to the 129th Regt O.V.I. Cp D.

Lancaster O.  Saturday  7.A.M. clear and cool.  met Capt. I. W. Stinchcomb of the 17th O.V. I.  looking well  he is a noble hearted man and a man I like.  He is frank, and Honest.

Lancaster O.  Sunday. 9.A.M. clear and warm.  Yesterday evening I received my Original Discharge from the War Department, with which to draw my Pay.  will go to Cincinnati as Soon as I get my certificates.  will take my wife along